Dr. Hanner and the Carolina Center for Functional Medicine utilizes a system for approaching chronic illness called the ADAPT Framework. ADAPT stands for: Advanced Diagnostics And Personalized Treatment. In Functional Medicine, there is no “one size fits all”. Functional Medicine doesn’t treat diseases. It treats individuals, using the most advanced, evidence based diagnostic methods to determine the true underlying cause of their health problems and create a treatment plan personalized to them and their health goals. Patient goals vary from someone with no symptoms wanting to optimize their health, to an individual with complex chronic illness and a desire to get their life back. Patients regularly see Dr. Hanner looking for help with issues like Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Migraine Headaches, Chronic Pain, Autoimmune Disease, and PTSD.  Treatment is prescribed from a truly holistic perspective, and may include anything from lifestyle advice and health coaching, to a multi-specialty team approach, depending on the complexity of the patient’s health concerns. 


Functional -vs- Conventional Medicine


Conventional Medicine looks to identify a disease or syndrome by making a diagnosis. Then it treats the patient based on that diagnosis. If 10 people present for conventional medical treatment and are diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis, those 10 individuals will almost certainly receive the same treatment and advice. That is because the protocols used for treatment in Conventional Medicine are based on that specific diagnosis. The treatment will typically either involve suppressing symptoms (i.e. medications for migraine headaches) or suppressing the disease process (i.e. medication for hypertension, or immune suppressing drugs for M.S.). Conventional Medicine is not set up to look for the cause of, or to support the prevention of disease, and is typically not enacted until a disease diagnosis has been made. Often at this point, a significant amount of damage has been done. The main tools used in Conventional Medicine are drugs and surgery.


Functional Medicine seeks to identify the underlying cause of the condition. It treats the individual, not the diagnosis. If 10 people go to a Functional Medicine office and are diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis, those 10 individuals may in fact receive 10 different approaches to treatment. This is because, although the outward manifestation of their pathology is ‘Rheumatoid Arthritis’, the underlying cause of that condition is a product of that specific individual’s genetics, environment (current and past), and lifestyle.  Genetics will always play a part in the equation. However, environment and lifestyle play a much larger part. In fact, scientists have now shown that up to 90% of all chronic illness is caused by environment OVER genetics. For one individual the greater cause could be a food intolerance, for another - a gut infection, for another - heavy metal toxicity, for another – nutritional imbalances, for another – a mold/biotoxin illness, and yet for another – stress, and its effect of chronic nervous system dysregulation. Functional Medicine doesn’t aim to suppress symptoms, it aims to correct the functional imbalances that have caused the condition in the first place. A side effect of doing this, of course, is that the symptoms improve and go away.  Functional Medicine commonly utilizes nutritional therapy, herbal medicine, supplements, lifestyle modifications, stress management, and detoxification. However, in the Functional Medicine model of care, conventional methods are also utilized when deemed necessary in the treatment of that individual patient.

Carolina Center for Functional Medicine

at Fernview

Mandala (4).png

CranioSacral Therapy

CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is a light touch manual therapy that focuses on releasing tensions and imbalances within the body and correcting the flow of cerebral spinal fluid within the head and spinal column. This can soothe pain and release both emotional and physical stress and tension. It is also thought to help restore cranial mobility and ease or release restrictions of the head, neck, and nerves. 

Motion is life and freedom of motion is especially important when it is concerning the deep tissues and fluid that surround, protect, and nourish the brain and spinal cord.  Because of this, CST can have profound healing and regulating effects on the Central Nervous System. However, the benefits of CST are not limited to the head and spinal column. It can be used anywhere in the body to release tensions and imbalances, thereby normalizing function, and relieving pain. CST is extremely gentle, so individuals of all ages can benefit from it safely. 

According to the Cleveland Clinic, CST may help relieve:


  • Anxiety and panic attacks

  • Autism

  • Brain and spinal cord trauma

  • Central nervous system disorders

  • Chronic (long-term) neck and back pain

  • Dyslexia

  • Fascial pain

  • Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue

  • Learning disabilities

  • Migraines and headaches

  • Motor-coordination impairments

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder - PTSD

  • Scoliosis

  • Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction - TMJD


CST may also be part of your treatment for conditions like:

  • Trauma recovery, including trauma from whiplash

  • Mood disorders like anxiety and depression

  • Disturbed sleep cycles and insomnia

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome – IBS

  • Constipation

  • Difficult pregnancies



Procedure and Technique

When you arrive for your appointment, your practitioner will ask you about your symptoms and any preexisting conditions that you have.

You will remain fully clothed during the treatment, so wear comfortable clothing to your appointment. Your session will last 55 min, and you will begin by lying down on your back on a therapy table. The practitioner will evaluate you to determine where to begin. This may be at your head, feet, or near the middle of your body.


Using five grams of pressure (which is about the weight of a nickel), the provider will gently hold your feet, head, or sacrum to assess their subtle rhythms. If determined necessary, the provider may gently press or reposition you to normalize the flow of the cerebrospinal fluids or use tissue-release methods while supporting one of your limbs.


During the treatment, some people experience different sensations. These may include:

  • feeling deep relaxation

  • falling asleep, and later recalling memories or seeing colors

  • sensing pulsations

  • having a “pins and needles” (numbing) sensation

  • having a hot or cold sensation



Dr. Hanner is currently taking new patients for Functional Medicine, CranioSacral Therapy, and Somatic Experiencing.

How To Become A Patient For CST

We ask that all new patients thoroughly review our website for up-to-date information about our offerings and policies. In staying on the cutting edge of patient care, our office leans heavily on the technology of the ‘Patient Portal’ that exists within our Electronic Health Records (EHR) system. This system creates many advantages for you including easy access to lab results, handouts, medical records, and the CCFM clinicians and staff. The EHR system, with its heightened level of clinic-patient connection and communication, allows our office to run efficiently with a small staff.

Below is an outline of the next few steps necessary to become a CST patient. Please read over steps 1 and 2 before beginning the registration process:

1.     You will start by filling out the registration form. This includes your personal information, a brief history of your problem, our privacy policy, and treatment policies. After signing and submitting the form, you will immediately receive an email confirming the email address you submitted. Click on that confirmation and follow the link to your patient portal. 

2.     Note where any red exclamation marks are overlying the icons on the right side of your Patient Portal dashboard. Enter whatever information is required to resolve those issues. 

          a. In My Account Details, upload a government-issued photo ID to keep on file, as well as a profile

              picture to help your clinician and our staff get to know you better in this virtual environment. Also

              review "My Account Details" to ensure your billing address is correct. All subsequent charges will be

              made immediately after services are rendered.

          b.     Go to Payments & Invoices to enter your credit card information securely (it will be encrypted). 

          c.     These items need to be on file prior to scheduling your first appointment.

Register in our Electronic Health Records (EHR) system:

Once your registration is complete and all of the red exclamation marks are gone from the icons in your portal, you can take the following steps to book your first appointment:

For CranioSacral Therapy – These appointments are 55 minute, in-office visits.

1. Click on My Appointments.

2. Select the clinician's name as the provider. Dr. Hanner. 

3. Select “CranioSacral Therapy” 

4. Select the date/time you want.

5. Click "Request Appointment." 

6. You will receive an appointment confirmation email when we accept your request.


We are looking forward to working with you! 


Visit for more information.

Mandala (4).png
Mandala (4).png